Upto 365 million people suffer from acne.
Data on file
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Nearly all teens have acne at some point. It's even common to see acne during someone's 20s, 30s or even 40s. That’s why it’s important to understand acne and learn how it can be treated.
Causes of Acne
To understand acne, take a close look at the skin's hair follicles and oil glands (called the sebaceous glands). Hormones and other factors can cause sebaceous glands to produce more sebum, a natural oil in your body.
There are certain triggers that tend to get acne started:
- Hormone changes due to puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, or starting/stopping birth control pills
- Genetic/familial predisposition may play a role
- Certain drugs, particularly androgens (steroids), amphetamines, and lithium
- Cosmetics with an oily base may contribute to plugged follicles
Types of Acne
Acne is a general term that typically describes four types of skin lesions. They include:
- Whitehead: occurs when a plugged hair follicle makes a bump, appears to be covered by unchanged skin, and is whitish in color (in white-skinned individuals)
- Blackhead: a plugged hair follicle with a visible opening and darkish discoloration Papules small skin-colored bumps on the skin that are often inflamed and tender to the touch
- Pastules (pimples): papules that have lesions on top and are filled with pus
There are many ways to help keep acne under control, including:
- Managing stress
- Avoiding picking at the skin
- Using products labeled “noncomedogenic”
- Applying acne treatment
Consider seeing a doctor about treatments options if your acne is persistent or bothersome to you.